The History of Halloween

By: ABI HOGLUND

Halloween is celebrated every year on the 31st of October, the holiday originated at the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain people. They would light big fires and wear costumes made with animal heads and skins and tell each other’s fortunes to keep the ghosts away. Pope Gregory III made November 1 a time to honor all saints; he called it All Saints Day. All Saints Day was then incorporated into the Samhain traditions. The night before All Saints Day was All Hallows Eve or now Halloween. Halloween over the years evolved into trick or treating, carving pumpkins, and wearing fun costumes. 

The Celts lived 2,000 years ago in Ireland, the UK and France, they celebrated their new year on November 1 because in their calendar that was the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the winter and was associated with death. Celts believed that the night before new year the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred. They believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth caused trouble and damaging crops. They also believed the presence of spirits made it easier for the Druids (Celtic priests) to see the future. These prophecies were an important source for people having hardships. When the celebration was over they lit their fires again which they had put out earlier to help protect them during the coming winter.

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